Typical olive field in the valleys surrounding Idlib
Location in Syria
|• Governor||Atef Ghanem al-Naddaf|
|Elevation||500 m (1,600 ft)|
|Population (2004 census)|
Idlib (Arabic: ادلب, also spelled Edlib or Idleb) is a city in northwestern Syria, capital of the Idlib Governorate, and 59 kilometers (37 mi) west of Aleppo. It has an elevation of nearly 500 meters (1,600 ft) above sea level. In the 2004 census by the Central Bureau of Statistics, Idlib had a population of 98,791 (2004 census). The inhabitants are overwhelmingly Sunni Muslims, although there is a significant Christian minority. Idlib is divided into six main districts: Ashrafiyeh (the most populous), Hittin, Hejaz, Downtown, Hurriya, and al-Qusur.
A major agricultural center of Syria, the Idlib area is also historically significant, containing many “dead cities” and man-made tells. Idlib contains the ancient city of Ebla, once the capital of a powerful kingdom. (See Ibrium)
 Ottoman era
During the 
 Syrian civil war
Idlib has been an opposition stronghold during the 
The city and nearby towns have been targeted for hosting large numbers of armed groups such as the 
On 30 April 2012, many security buildings in the centre of Idlib became the target of several car bombs placed by anti-government groups, causing the death of 8 people and more than a hundred injured civilians.
Idlib is a major production center for 
The Idlib Regional Museum in the city contains over 17,000 of the Ebla tablets and serves as Idlib’s main tourist attraction, excluding the nearby ancient site of Ebla itself. Under the Technical and Financial Cooperation Agreement between the governments of Italy and Syria, the museum was to undergo a restoration and renovation project starting in 2010.
Idlib Municipal Stadium is the main football venue in the city.
- Idlib city population
- Casule, 2008, p.56.
- Baedeker, 1912, p.376.
- Porter, 1868, p. 580.
- Inalcik, 1997, p.501.
- “Syria unrest: Jabal al-Zawiya ‘massacres‘“. BBC News. 2012-01-19. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-16287450. Retrieved 2012-02-08.
- Cave, Peter. Syrians fear mass attack imminent in Idlib. ABC News. 2012-03-09.
- Syria: Aid groups mark year of protest with unity call. BBC News. 2012-03-15. Retrieved on 2012-03-15.
- Idlib shaken by car bombs
- Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 1996, p. 147.
- Ferrari, 2009, p. 522.
- Baedeker, Karl (1912), Palestine and Syria, with routes through Mesopotamia and Babylonia and the island of Cyprus: handbook for travellers, K. Baedeker, http://books.google.com/books?id=BykoAAAAYAAJ&dq=Idlib+kada&source=gbs_navlinks_s
- Casule, F. (2008), Art and History Syria, Casa Editrice Bonechi, ISBN 8847601193, http://books.google.com/books?id=QNGyWSx8U34C&dq=Idlib+history&source=gbs_navlinks_s
- Angelo, Ferrari (2009), Proceedings 4th International Congress on “Science and Technology for the Safeguard of Cultural Heritage in the Mediterranean Basin”, 1, Angelo Ferrari-CNR, Institute of Chemical Methodologies, ISBN 889668031X, http://books.google.com/books?id=7zKJOYkW0GsC&source=gbs_navlinks_s
- Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (1996). Citrus Pest Problems and Their Control in the Near East. Food & Agriculture Org.. ISBN 9251033013. http://books.google.com/books?id=ybOgDlrXZXwC&dq=Edleb+Citrus&source=gbs_navlinks_s.
- Inalcik, Halil (1997), An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0521574552, http://books.google.com/books?id=c00jmTrjzAoC&dq=Idlib+history&source=gbs_navlinks_s
- Porter, Josias Leslie (1858). A Handbook for Travellers in Syria and Palestine. 1. Murray. http://books.google.com/books?id=AwSatmeOEUgC&dq=Hawarin+inhab.+Qara&source=gbs_navlinks_s.
 News and Events
- eIdleb The first complete website for Idleb news and services.
- www.edleb.net The 1st. complete website in Arabic.
 Governmental Services
- E.sy The First Complete Governmental Online Services