|Recording Industry Association of America|
|Type||Licensing and royalties, technical standards|
|Chairman and Chief Executive Officer||Cary Sherman|
The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) is a trade organization that represents recording industry distributors in the United States. Its members consist of record labels and distributors, which the RIAA say “create, manufacture and/or distribute approximately 85% of all legally sold recorded music in the United States.” RIAA has its headquarters in Washington, D.C.
The RIAA was formed in 1952.
The RIAA participates in the Gold and Platinum albums and singles in the USA.
The RIAA lists its goals as:
- to protect First Amendment rights of artists;
- to perform research about the music industry;
- to monitor and review relevant laws, regulations and policies;
 Company structure and sales
Cary Sherman has been the RIAA’s chairman and CEO since 2011. Sherman joined the RIAA as its general counsel in 1997 and became president of the board of directors in 2001, serving in that position until being made chairman and CEO.
Mitch Glazier has been the RIAA’s senior executive vice president since 2011. He served as executive vice president for public policy and industry relations from 2000 to 2011.
The past RIAA chairman and CEO is the Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers.
- Cary Sherman – RIAA
- EMI Recorded Music
- EMI Christian Music Group
- Sony Music Entertainment
- Sony Music Entertainment
- Sony Music Entertainment
- Sony Music Entertainment
- Sony Music Entertainment
- Interscope Records
- Universal Music Group
- Universal Music Group
- Universal Motown Republic Group
- The Atlantic Group
- Warner Music Group
- Buena Vista Music
- Concord Music Group
- Curb Records
- Entertainment One U.S.
- Tommy Boy Entertainment
- Island Records
The RIAA represents over 1,600 member labels, which are private corporate entities such as record labels and distributors, and collectively create and distribute about 90% of recorded music sold in the United States. The largest and most influential of the members are the “Big Three” that include:
The RIAA reports that total retail value of recordings sold by their members was $10.4 billion at the end of 2007, a decline from $14.6 billion in 1999.
 Sales certification
The RIAA operates an award program for albums that sell a large number of copies.
 “Digital” sales certification
In 2004, the RIAA added a branch of certification for what it calls “digital” recordings, meaning roughly “recordings transferred to the recipient over a network” (such as those sold via the [update], the certification criteria for these recordings are as follows:
- Silver: 100,000 copies
- Gold: 500,000 copies
- Platinum: 1,000,000 copies
- Multi-Platinum: 2,000,000 copies
- Diamond: 10,000,000 copies
 Video Longform certification
Along with albums, digital albums, and singles there is another classification of music release called “Video Longform.” This release format includes DVD and VHS releases, and certain live albums and compilation albums. The certification criteria is slightly different from other styles.
- Gold: 50,000
- Platinum: 100,000
 Efforts against infringement of members’ copyrights
 Efforts against file sharing
The RIAA opposes unauthorized sharing of its music. Studies conducted since the association began its campaign against peer-to-peer file-sharing have concluded that losses incurred per download range from negligible
The association has commenced high profile lawsuits against file sharing service providers. It has also commenced a series of lawsuits against individuals suspected of file sharing, notably college students and parents of file sharing children. It is accused of employing techniques such as peer-to-peer “decoying” and “
As of late 2008 they have announced they will stop their lawsuits,
 Selection of defendants
The RIAA names defendants based on ISP identification of the subscriber associated with an  though the final amount of damages has not been determined).
The RIAA’s methods of identifying individual users had, in some rare cases, led to the issuing of 
 Settlement programs
In February 2007 the RIAA began sending letters accusing Internet users of sharing files and directing them to web site P2PLAWSUITS.COM, where they can make “discount” settlements payable by credit card.
The RIAA also launched an “early 
In October 1998, the Recording Industry Association of America filed a lawsuit in the Ninth U.S. Court of Appeals in San Francisco claiming the Diamond Multimedia Rio PMP300 player violated the 1992 Audio Home Recording Act. The Rio PMP300 was significant because it was the second portable consumer MP3 digital audio player released on the market. The three judge panel ruled in favor of Diamond, paving the way for the development of the portable digital player market.
In 2003, the RIAA sued college student developers of LAN search engines 
RIAA has also filed suit in 2006 to enjoin digital 
On October 12, 2007, the RIAA sued Usenet.com seeking a permanent injunction to prevent the company from “aiding, encouraging, enabling, inducing, causing, materially contributing to, or otherwise facilitating” copyright infringement. This suit, the first that the RIAA has filed against a Usenet provider, has added another branch to the RIAA’s rapidly expanding fight to curb the unauthorized distribution of copyrighted materials. Unlike many of the RIAA’s previous lawsuits, this suit is filed against the provider of a service who has no direct means of removing infringing content. The RIAA’s argument relies heavily on the fact the Usenet.com, the only defendant that has been named currently, promoted their service with slogans and phrases that strongly suggested that the service could be used to obtain free music.
On April 28, 2008, RIAA member labels sued Project Playlist, a web music search site, claiming that the majority of the sound recordings in the site’s index of links are infringing. Project Playlist’s website denies that any of the music is hosted on Project Playlist’s own servers.
On June 30, 2009, The Recording Industry Association of America prevailed in its fight against Usenet.com, in a decision, that the U.S. District Judge Harold Baer of the Southern District of New York ruled in favor of the music industry on all its main arguments: that Usenet.com is guilty of direct, contributory, and vicarious infringement. In addition, and perhaps most important for future cases, Baer said that Usenet.com can’t claim protection under the Sony Betamax decision. That ruling states, companies can’t be held liable for contributory infringement if the device they create is “capable of significant non-infringing uses.”
On October 26, 2010, RIAA members won a case against LimeWire, a P2P file sharing network, for illegal distribution of copyrighted works.
 The “work made for hire” controversy
In 1999, Mitch Glazier, a Congressional staff attorney, inserted, without public notice or comment, substantive language into the final markup of a “technical corrections” section of copyright legislation, classifying many music recordings as “
 Presidents of RIAA
- Goddard Lieberson 1964-?.
- Stanley Gortikov circa 1985
- Jay Berman circa 1982
- Hilary Rosen ?-2001.
- Cary Sherman 2001-2011.
 See also
- Center for Copyright Information
- Federal Communications Commission
- Global music industry market share data
- Intellectual Property trade groups
- International Intellectual Property Alliance
- List of RIAA member labels
- Music Canada
- Parental Advisory
- “RIAA.” Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved on September 13, 2011. “We are located at 1025 F ST N.W., 10th Floor, Washington, D.C. 20004.”
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- “New Disk Trade Org To Swing Into Action”, Billboard Magazine, September 22, 1951, pages 13 and 20
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- RIAA Bulletins E 3 and E 4
- Board of the RIAA (RIAA website)
-  (RIAA website)
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- “Recording Industry Association of America”. RIAA. http://www.riaa.com/goldandplatinum.php?content_selector=historyx. Retrieved 2012-03-25.
- RIAA Website. “Gold and Platinum Certification”. http://www.riaa.com/gp/certification/default.asp.
- . Retrieved February 15, 2011.
- . Retrieved 2010-12-05.
- Billboard.com Latest Video Longform Certifications Retrieved on May 14, 2008
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- CBS News (2005-12-27). “Mom Fights Recording Industry”. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2005/12/27/earlyshow/leisure/music/main1166218.shtml. Retrieved 2007-04-02.
- “Tenenbaum says he faces bankruptcy after 675k piracy verdict”. Computerworld. 2009-08-07. http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9136350/Q_A_Tenenbaum_says_he_faces_bankruptcy_after_675K_piracy_verdict?taxonomyId=1&pageNumber=2. Retrieved 2010-11-16.
- “Thomas verdict: willful infringement, $1.92 million penalty | Ethiopian News”. Ethiopianreview.com. 2009-07-12. http://www.ethiopianreview.com/articles/13634. Retrieved 2010-07-17.
- Anderson, Nate (2010-01-22). “Judge slashes “monstrous” P2P award by 97% to $54,000″. Arstechnica.com. http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/news/2010/01/judge-slashes-monstrous-jammie-thomas-p2p-award-by-35x.ars. Retrieved 2010-07-17.
- “Citing Right to Anonymity Online, ACLU Asks Boston Court to Block Recording Industry Subpoena” (Press release). American Civil Liberties Union. 2003-09-29. http://www.aclu.org/privacy/anon/15590prs20030929.html. Retrieved 2007-04-02.
- “Record Industry Cuts Corners in Crusade Against File-Sharers” (Press release). Public Citizen. 2004-02-02. http://www.citizen.org/pressroom/release.cfm?ID=1636. Retrieved 2007-04-03.
- I sue dead people, Ars Technica, 4 February 2005.
- “Grandmother piracy lawsuit dropped”. BBC News. 2003-09-25. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/music/3140160.stm. Retrieved 2007-04-03.
- RIAA sues computer-less family, by Anders Bylund, Ars Technica, 24 April 2006.
- Meg Marco (March 2007). “RIAA Bullies College Students With P2PLawsuits.com”. http://consumerist.com/2007/03/riaa-bullies-college-students-with-p2plawsuitscom.html.
- . Retrieved 2007-04-02.
- “Teen Transplant Candidate Sued Over Music Downloads”. thepittsburghchannel.com. 2008-12-09. http://www.linuxjournal.com/content/riaa-preys-teen-need-transplant.
- “RIAA Adopts New Policy, offers Pre-Doe settlement option if ISP Holds Logs Longer, Asks ISP’s to Correct Identification Mistakes” Recording Industry vs. The People, February 13, 2007.
- “RIAA targets university students” (Variety.com)
- Court OKs Diamond Rio MP3 Player, by Elizabeth Clampet, InternetNews.Com, 16 June 1999
- Borland, John. “RIAA sues campus file-swappers – CNET News”. News.cnet.com. http://news.cnet.com/2100-1027-995429.html?tag=fd_lede1_hed. Retrieved 2010-07-17.
- “The Heights – Record industry sues Flatlan operators”. Media.www.bcheights.com. http://media.www.bcheights.com/media/storage/paper144/news/2003/04/08/Marketplace/Record.Industry.Sues.Flatlan.Operators-410377.shtml. Retrieved 2010-07-17.
- by Michael Williams  “Sharman Networks settles Kazaa file-sharing lawsuits”, 12/16/2011
- XM Faces The Music In RIAA Copyright Suit, by Joseph Palenchar, TWICE, 22 May 2006
- RIAA sues Internet radio stations, Out-Law.com, July 2001
- Sandoval, Greg (2008-04-28). “RIAA files copyright suit against Project Playlist”. News.cnet.com. http://news.cnet.com/8301-10784_3-9930419-7.html. Retrieved 2010-12-05.
- by Greg Sandoval  RIAA triumphs in Usenet copyright case, 12/17/2011
- by Richi Jennings  “Usenet.com loses MP3 copyright lawsuit vs. RIAA”, 12/17/2011
- RIAA Wins: LimeWire Shut Down By Court Order, by KerryOnWorld, 27 Oct 2010
- Thomas Mennecke (2010-10-29). “RIAA and LimeWire Both are Offline”. Slyck.com. http://www.slyck.com/story2110_RIAA_and_LimeWire_Both_Are_Offline.
- Wired (2000-08-10). “Rule Reversal: Blame It on RIAA”. http://www.wired.com/politics/law/news/2000/08/38129?currentPage=all. Retrieved 2007-04-09.
- “RIAA Accounting: Why Even Major Label Musicians Rarely Make Money From Album Sales”. http://www.techdirt.com/articles/20100712/23482610186.shtml.
- Eric Boehlert (2000-08-28). “Four Little Words”. Salon. http://archive.salon.com/ent/music/feature/2000/08/28/work_for_hire/print.html. Retrieved 2009-10-09.
- Barry Willis (2000-10-29). “Clinton Signs Repeal of “Works for Hire” Law”. Stereophile. http://www.stereophile.com/news/10880/. Retrieved 2009-10-09.
- Pub.L. 106–379
- “Goddard Lieberson Named Head of Record Association”. New York Times. January 22, 1964. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F30C10FF3B5C147A93C0AB178AD85F408685F9. Retrieved 2012-08-25. “Goddard Lieberson, head of Columbia Records, was elected president of the Record Industry Association of America yesterday. …”