The Tonight Show

The Tonight Show
Format Talk show
Variety show
Created by Sylvester L. Weaver, Jr.
Presented by Steve Allen (1954–1957)
Ernie Kovacs (1956–1957)
Jack Lescoulie (1957)
Al “Jazzbo” Collins (1957)
Jack Paar (1957–1962)
Johnny Carson (1962–1992)
Jay Leno (1992–2009; 2010–present)
Conan O’Brien (2009–2010)
Country of origin United States
No. of episodes 2,000 (before Carson)
4,531 (under Carson)
4,052 (under Leno)
145 (under O’Brien)
Total: 10,728
Running time Varies
Original channel NBC
Picture format SDTV (1954–1999)
HDTV (1999–present)
Original run September 27, 1954 (1954-09-27) – present

The Tonight Show is a US late-night talk show that has aired on NBC since 1954. It is the longest currently running regularly scheduled entertainment program in the US and the third longest-running show on NBC after Meet the Press and Today.

The Tonight Show was hosted by Steve Allen (1954–1957), Ernie Kovacs (1956–1957), Jack Lescoulie (1957), Al “Jazzbo” Collins (1957), Jack Paar (1957–1962), Johnny Carson (1962–1992), Jay Leno (1992–2009 and 2010 to present), and Conan O’Brien (2009–2010). Several guest hosts also appeared, particularly during the Paar and Carson eras.

The longest-serving host to date was Johnny Carson, who hosted The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson for 30 seasons from the fall of 1962 through the spring of 1992. The current host of the show is Jay Leno, who had previously hosted the show from 1992 to 2009 and began his current tenure on March 1, 2010.[1]


[edit] Hosting history

NBC’s Broadway Open House which began in 1950 first demonstrated the potential for late night network programming. The format for The Tonight Show can be traced to a nightly 40 minute local New York show hosted by Allen, originally titled The Knickerbocker Beer Show (after the sponsor) but quickly retitled The Steve Allen Show, which premiered in 1953 on WNBT. Beginning in September 1954, it was renamed Tonight! and shown on the full NBC network. Detailed history of hosts can be found here [2].[2]

Host From To Notes # of episodes
Date Age Date Age
Steve Allen September 27, 1954 32 January 25, 1957 35 Tonight Starring Steve Allen Between all of the hosts from The Tonight Show’s debut until the Carson era, 2,000 episodes were made
Ernie Kovacs October 1, 1956 37 January 22, 1957 37 Monday-Tuesday host
Jack Lescoulie January 28, 1957 44 June 21, 1957 44 Today veteran hosted format switch to news program Tonight! America After Dark
Al “Jazzbo” Collins June 24, 1957 38 July 26, 1957 38 Replaced Lescoulie, who remained on Today
Jack Paar July 29, 1957 39 March 30, 1962 43 Format switch to talk show; also called Tonight Starring Jack Paar and Jack Paar Tonight
Various hosts April 2, 1962 N/A September 28, 1962 N/A Interlude between Paar and Carson eras. Temporary hosts included Jerry Lewis.
Johnny Carson October 1, 1962 36 May 22, 1992 66 The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson 4,531 (not including guest hosted or Weekend Tonight Show/Best of Carson episodes)
Jay Leno May 25, 1992 42 May 29, 2009 59 The Tonight Show with Jay Leno 4,307(as of August 28, 2012)
Conan O’Brien June 1, 2009 46 January 22, 2010 46 The Tonight Show with Conan O’Brien 145
Jay Leno March 1, 2010 59 present 62 The Tonight Show with Jay Leno See above

[edit] Steve Allen (1954–1957)

The very first Tonight announcer was Lyle “Skitch” Henderson.

When the show became a success, Allen got a prime time Sunday comedy/variety show in June 1956, leading him to share Tonight hosting duties with Ernie Kovacs during the 1956–1957 season. To give Allen time to work on his Sunday evening show, Kovacs hosted Tonight on Monday and Tuesday nights with his own announcer (Bill Wendell) and bandleader.

During the later Steve Allen years, regular audience member AFTRA, the television/radio performers union.

Allen and Kovacs departed Tonight in January 1957 after NBC ordered Allen to concentrate all his efforts on his Sunday night variety program, hoping to combat CBS’s citation needed]

Unlike the first installment of Johnny Carson’s tenure, which is lost except for audio recordings, a kinescope recording of the opening monologue from the very first Tonight Show under Allen survives in which he accurately states “this show is going to go on forever”.

[edit] Tonight! America After Dark (1957)

Rather than continuing with the same format after Allen and Kovacs’ departure from Tonight, NBC changed the show’s format to a news and features show, similar to that of the network’s popular morning program Today. The new show, renamed Tonight! America After Dark, was hosted first by Jack Lescoulie and then by Al “Jazzbo” Collins, with interviews conducted by Hy Gardner, and music provided by the Lou Stein Trio (later replaced by the Mort Lindsey Quartet, then the Johnny Guarnieri Quartet). This new version of the show was unpopular, resulting in a significant number of NBC affiliates dropping the show.[3]

[edit] Jack Paar (1957–1962)

Jack Paar and presidential candidate John F. Kennedy in 1960

In July 1957, NBC returned the program to a talk/variety show format once again, with Jack Paar becoming the new solo host of the show. Under Paar, most of the NBC affiliates which had dropped the show during the ill-fated run of America After Dark began airing the show once again. Paar’s era began the practice of branding the series after the host, and as such the program, though officially still called The Tonight Show, was marketed as The Jack Paar Show. A combo band conducted by Paar’s Army buddy pianist Jose Melis filled commercial breaks and backed musical entertainers. [See music and announcers below.] Paar also introduced the idea of having guest hosts; one of these early hosts was Johnny Carson. It was one of the first regularly scheduled shows to be videotaped in color.

An English lady is visiting Switzerland. She asks about the location of the “WC”. The Swiss, thinking she is referring to the “Wayside Chapel”, leaves her a note that said (in part) “the WC is situated nine miles from the room that you will occupy. It is capable of holding about 229 people and it is only open on Sunday and Thursday. It may interest you to know that my daughter was married in the WC and it was there that she met her husband. I shall be delighted to reserve the best seat for you, if you wish, where you will be seen by everyone”.

Censored joke dropped from 11 February 1960 show

On 11 February 1960 Jack Paar walked off his show – an absence which lasted almost a month – after NBC censors edited out a segment taped the night before about a joke involving a “WC” (water closet, a polite term for a flush toilet) being confused for a “wayside chapel”. As he left his desk, he said, “I am leaving The Tonight Show. There must be a better way of making a living than this”. Paar’s abrupt departure left his startled announcer to finish the broadcast himself.[4]

Paar returned to the show on 7 March 1960, strolled on stage, struck a pose, and said, “As I was saying before I was interrupted…”[4] After the audience erupted in applause, Paar continued: “when I walked off, I said there must be a better way of making a living. Well, I’ve looked – and there isn’t.”

[edit] Transition from Paar to Carson (1962)

Citing that he would prefer to do one prime time show per week rather than five late night instalments, Paar left the show in March 1962. The Jack Paar Show moved to prime time (as The Jack Paar Program) and aired weekly on Friday nights through 1965.

Johnny Carson was chosen as Paar’s successor. Carson was host at the time of the weekday afternoon quiz show Mort Sahl, some of whom later noted they were being led to believe they were auditioning for the job. Griffin was so well received as a guest host that NBC gave him his own daytime talk show, the first of three he would host in his broadcasting career, which debuted the same day Carson took over the late night show. The show was broadcast under the title The Tonight Show during this interim with Skitch Henderson returning as bandleader.

[edit] Johnny Carson (1962–1992)

Carson as Carnac the Magnificent, one of his most well known routines

First Lady Laura Bush and Jay Leno

Marx introduced Carson as the new host on 1 October 1962. Hollywood), for the remainder of his tenure.

[edit] Jay Leno (1992–2009)

Jay Leno in 1993

Johnny Carson retired on May 22, 1992, and was replaced by Jay Leno amid controversy. David Letterman not only wanted to move into that earlier time slot from his late night spot after The Tonight Show, but was considered by Carson and others as the natural successor[5] (despite Leno having been Carson’s permanent guest host for several years).[6] Letterman, having had his heart set on the earlier time slot, left NBC and joined CBS. Late Show with David Letterman, airing in the same slot, has been competing head to head against The Tonight Show ever since.[7] After Leno’s run as host of The Tonight Show, Conan O’Brien took over as host.

[edit] Conan O’Brien (2009–2010)

On September 27, 2004, the 50th anniversary of the show’s premiere, NBC announced that Jay Leno would be succeeded by Conan O’Brien in 2009. Leno explained that in yielding to Conan, he wanted to avoid repeating the hard feelings that developed between him and David Letterman, and called O’Brien “certainly the most deserving person for the job.” What was to be the final episode of The Tonight Show with Leno as host aired on Friday, May 29, 2009. O’Brien replaced Leno as host on The Tonight Show on Monday, June 1 from a new studio in Stage 1 of the Universal Studios Hollywood back lot, ending an era (since 1972) of taping the show in Burbank. Leno, meanwhile, went on to host The Jay Leno Show, a prime time talk show which aired before O’Brien’s Tonight Show.

[edit] Timeslot conflict and Leno’s return

O’Brien quickly gained online support during the controversy.[8]

O’Brien’s audience tailed off significantly compared to that of Leno; at one point he attracted two million fewer viewers than Letterman. While Leno’s primetime show did fairly well, several NBC affiliates complained that it was hurting the ratings for their late newscasts.[9]

On January 7, 2010, multiple media outlets reported that beginning March 1, 2010, Leno would move from his 10pm weeknight time slot to 11:35pm due to Leno and O’Brien’s sagging ratings, as well as pressure from NBC affiliates.[12]

On January 10, NBC confirmed they would be moving Jay Leno out of primetime as of February 12 and intended to move him to late-night as soon as possible.TBS.

[edit] Leno’s second tenure (2010–present)

Jay and President Barack Obama on the set of The Tonight Show during a break in taping, October 25, 2011.

On March 1, 2010, Jay Leno returned to The Tonight Show, with Wally Wingert as his announcer. On April 12, 2010, bandleader Kevin Eubanks announced his departure after 18 years on May 28.[20] He was replaced as bandleader by Rickey Minor on June 7.[21] On July 1, 2010, Variety reported that only six months into its second life, Jay Leno’s Tonight Show posted its lowest ratings since 1992.[22] By September 2010, Leno’s ratings had fallen below those of Conan O’Brien when he had hosted The Tonight Show.[23] NBC ratings specialist Tom Bierbaum commented that due to the host being out of late-night television for a period of time and the subsequent 2010 Tonight Show conflict, Leno’s ratings fall was “not a surprise at all”.[24] In October 2010, David Letterman beat Leno’s program in the ratings, for the first time since Leno returned to hosting The Tonight Show.[25][26] Nevertheless, Leno’s show beat Letterman’s in both total viewership and in the 18–49 group for 34 of the 36 weeks in the season until May 2011.[27] By 2012 the Los Angeles Times was reporting that the Tonight Show with Jay Leno was in serious trouble for a number of reasons.[28]

[edit] Music and announcers

Music during the show’s introduction and commercial Doc Severinsen, former trumpet soloist in Henderson’s band for Steve Allen.

When McMahon was away from the show, Severinsen was the substitute announcer and Tommy Newsom would lead the band. On the rare occasions that both McMahon and Severinsen were away, Newsom would take the announcer’s chair and the band would be led by assistant musical director Shelly Cohen.

Severinsen’s big band featured several accomplished sidemen in addition to saxophonist Newsom, including trumpeter Clark Terry. The band frequently appeared on camera in the “Stump the Band” segments, where an audience member would dare the band to play some obscure song title, and the band would comically improvise something appropriate. The routine was played for full comedy value and the band was not really expected to know the songs, but on two occasions the band did answer correctly, much to the maestro’s surprise. Severinsen was heard to ask incredulously, “You mean we actually…?”

When Carson’s tenure ended in 1992, the orchestra was axed and replaced by a smaller ensemble. The first bandleader during Leno’s tenure was Branford Marsalis. In 1992, The Tonight Show Band also welcomed its first female member, Vicki Randle.[29] In 1995, Marsalis was replaced by Kevin Eubanks, though the Marsalis-written theme was used throughout the show’s run. On March 29, 2004, Leno’s long-time announcer Edd Hall was replaced by John Melendez from The Howard Stern Show.

Conan O’Brien announced on the February 18, 2009 episode of Joel Godard (who stayed behind in New York) when his rendition of The Tonight Show began.

For the second incarnation of The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, a new bandleader was selected, though original bandleader Kevin Eubanks stayed for a few weeks in the transition. He officially announced his departure after 18 years on April 12, 2010, with his final episode airing May 28. Rickey Minor was announced as his replacement, and took over on June 7.

[edit] Broadcasting milestones

The Tonight Show began its broadcast at 11:15 pm [31]

When the show began it was [34]

The Tonight Show became the first American television show to broadcast with MTS stereo sound in 1984, although sporadically. Regular use of MTS began in 1985. In September 1991, the show postponed its starting time by five minutes to 11:35, to give network affiliates the opportunity to sell more advertising on their local news. On April 26, 1999, the show started broadcasting in HDTV, becoming the first American nightly talk show to be shot in that format.

On March 19, 2009, The Tonight Show became the first late-night talk show in history to have the sitting President of the United States as a guest, when President Barack Obama visited.

[edit] Schedule

Throughout the years, the time at which The Tonight Show aired and the length has changed multiple times.[2]

[edit] First run episodes

Begin Date End Date Nights Start End Notes
September 27, 1954 October 5, 1956 Mon-Fri 11:30 1:00 Allen
October 8, 1956 January 4, 1957 Mon-Fri 11:30 12:30 Allen
January 7, 1957 December 30, 1966 Mon-Fri 11:15 1:00 Allen, Paar, Carson§
January 2, 1967 September 5, 1980 Mon-Fri 11:30 1:00 Carson
September 8, 1980 August 30, 1991 Mon-Fri 11:30 12:30 Carson
September 2, 1991 present[35] Mon-Fri 11:35 12:35 Carson, Leno, O’Brien, Leno

§Note that many NBC affiliates chose not to carry the first fifteen minutes of the show during this period, instead preferring to air a local newscast from 11 to 11:30. As of February 1965, Carson refused to host the first 15 minutes of the program, preferring to wait until the full network was in place before delivering his opening monologue. For nearly two years, until the show’s start time was adjusted to 11:30 in January 1967, the host for the opening 15 minutes of The Tonight Show was announcer Ed McMahon.

[edit] Weekend repeats

From 1965 to 1975, until the advent of Saturday Night Live, weekend repeats of The Tonight Show were staples of the NBC schedule. These repeats ran in the following timeslots:

Begin Date End Date Nights Start End Notes
January 2, 1965 January 1, 1967 Sat or Sun 11:15 1:00 Repeats, known as The Saturday/Sunday Tonight Show
January 7, 1967 September 28, 1975 Sat or Sun 11:30 1:00 Repeats; eventually known as The Weekend Tonight Show

[edit] Gag, skit, and segments


  • Tom Poston, though Allen also performed impromptu bits with non-professional civilians.
  • Crazy Shots: Later known as *”Wild Pictures”. Allen’s supporting cast and guest stars would participate in quick visual gags while Allen played piano accompaniment.


  • Stump the Band: Audience members are asked to name an obscure song and the band tries to play it. If the band doesn’t know the song, it usually breaks into a comical piece of music. This segment went on to become part of Carson’s Tonight Show.


  • Carnac the Magnificent: Carson plays a psychic who is given sealed envelopes (that McMahon invariably states, with a flourish, have been kept “hermetically sealed inside a mayonnaise jar underneath Funk & Wagnalls‘ porch since noon today”). Carnac holds an envelope to his head and recites the punchline to a joke contained within the envelope, he then rips open the envelope and reads the matching question inside. Sample: “Saucepan… Who was Peter Pan’s wino brother?” If a joke falls flat with the audience, Carnac invariably passes a comedic curse upon them (e.g., “May a bloated yak change the temperature of your jacuzzi!”). Carnac appears to be modeled after one of Allen’s earlier gags, “The Question Man,” in which Allen is given an answer to which he then provides the punchline in the form of a question.
  • The Tea Time Movie:, with “Art Fern” and the Matinée Lady (originally Slauson Cutoff” joke is made (e.g., “You can find our store by heading down Hwy. 101 until you get to the Slauson Cutoff. Get out of the car, cut off your slauson, get back in the car.”), as is a reference to “Drive until you get to… (a map is unfolded to reveal a table fork) the fork in the road!” Art would then return us to today’s movie (like “Tarzan and Cheetah Have to Get Married” or “Rin Tin Tin Gets Fixed Fixed Fixed,” etc.), followed by an antique, four-second film clip. Back to Art, caught necking with the Matinée Lady before announcing another movie and another commercial.


  • Headlines (Monday): Humorous print items sent in by viewers. These real-life headlines usually contain typographical errors or unintentionally inappropriate items. The segment usually starts out with a fake, humorous Headline during the introduction for the segment, such as Arabs Wish Bush “A Happy Shoe Year!”, usually reflecting some current event. Reflecting Jay’s moving of this segment to a 10 PM ET/PT time slot, the lead Headline on the final broadcasting of this segment was 4 Out Of 5 Scientists Say “Headlines” Funnier at 10PM Than 11:30PM.
  • Jaywalking: A pre-taped segment, “Jaywalking” is a play on the host’s name and the illegal practice of jaywalking. Leno asks people questions about current news and other topics in public areas around Los Angeles (usually Hollywood Boulevard, Melrose Avenue or Universal Studios). Most responses are outrageously incorrect; for example, one person believed that Abraham Lincoln was the first president, and another could not identify a picture of Hillary Clinton. Sometimes the questions are of the “What color is the White House?” level, such as asking in what country the Panama Canal is located . Up to 15 people are interviewed in an hour or less for each segment, with about nine interviews used on the air.
  • Stuff We Found on E-Bay: Outrageous, real-life items available on the auction website E-Bay are shown, with the audience asked to guess whether or not the item was sold.
  • Unusual Mother’s Day, Father’s Day, Christmas gifts: Gift items appropriate for holidays are shown; some real, some phony, but all unusual


  • Twitter Tracker: In this sketch, Conan is interrupted by an overzealous announcer (voiced by show writer Twitter. The announcer attempts to prove to Conan that celebrity tweets are exciting by reading some of his favorites, which all describe mundane activities. The sketch is always accompanied by increasingly elaborate animations in which the bird from the Twitter logo is repeatedly killed. It also includes the announcer trying to persuade Conan to play a game by using a rhyming sentence in which he refers to him as CoCo.
  • Wax Fonzie/Wax Tom Cruise: While visiting a warehouse full of poor quality celebrity wax figures, Conan identified two as his favorite and purchased them. One was of Tom Cruise. Both wax figures made several appearances on the show, most notably by both being shot out of a cannon used for a bit. Wax Tom Cruise for the most part survived, while Wax Fonzie’s face became irreplaceable. Wax Fonzie ultimately met its final fate when it was obliterated in an explosion, part of a contest involving blowing up the contest winner’s old car.
  • Ridiculously Expensive Sketches: As an act of mock revenge for NBC forcing him out of The Tonight Show’s traditional time slot, O’Brien spent the last few episodes debuting sketches that ostensibly would cost NBC an extremely large amount of money. The sketches used rare and expensive props (usually on loan) and contained media with unusually high licensing fees.

[edit] Timeslots and International broadcasts

Country TV Network(s) Weekly Schedule (local time)
Australia The Comedy Channel Weeknights 12.00am AEST
Canada Access Simulcast with NBC’s broadcast
Denmark TV3 + (as The Tonight Show) Weeknights 12.05 am CET
Dominican Republic Cable de Tricom (as Tonight Show) Simulcast with NBC’s ET broadcast
Turkey e2 (as The Tonight Show) Weeknights 11 pm IST
Europe CNBC Europe Weeknights 12 am CET, Weekends 9 pm CET
India Zee Cafe Weeknights 12 am IST
Israel yes stars Comedy (as Jay Leno) Weeknights 7:00 pm
Pakistan CNBC Pakistan (as Tonight Show)
Philippines Jack TV (as The Tonight Show) Tuesday to Saturday 3 pm (via satellite) / Tuesday to Saturday 11 pm (late telecast)
Portugal +TVI (as The Jay Leno Show) Weeknights 11:15 pm
Romania Antena 3 (as Tonight Show) Weeknights 12:25 am
Sweden Kanal 9 (as The Tonight Show med Jay Leno) Weeknights around 11:50 pm, 7:10 am rerun
Finland MTV3 MAX (as Tonight Show) Weeknights 11:20 pm, Repeated on weekday mornings
South Africa CNBC Africa (as Tonight Show)
United Kingdom CNBC (as The Tonight Show) Weeknights 11 pm

The Tonight Show is also seen around the world. It is broadcast on CNBC Europe, usually three nights after it has been shown in the U.S. The show is screened at 10.30 pm AEDST weeknights on The Comedy Channel in Australia, where new episodes are shown hours after its American broadcast. In Sweden, Kanal 5 has shown The Tonight Show (as Jay Leno Show) since the late 1990s with one week’s delay. Since October, 2006, it is also being aired in India on Zee Cafe 12 hours after the show is shown in the USA.[37]

An early attempt at airing the show in the United Kingdom during the 1980s was unsuccessful, sparking jokes by Carson. On the October 23, 1984, broadcast, guest Paul McCartney had this to say of the show’s British run:

Carson: (throwing to commercial) OK, we’re gonna have to cut away. We’re just gonna see a commercial. We sell things occasionally. It’s not like the British telly, you know. You just go forever, ten or twelve [minutes]. British television ends when they-you know, when they want to.
McCartney: (jokingly) Yeah, you’re just mad because they didn’t like your show.[38]

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. ^ Leno to Return as Host on March 1The New York Times. Retrieved January 21, 2010.
  2. ^ Retrieved January 22, 2010.
  3. ^ “Show Business: Late-Night Affair”. Time Magazine. August 18, 1958.,9171,810518-1,00.html. Retrieved 2009-10-15.
  4. ^,,583933,00.html. Retrieved 2009-10-15.
  5. ^ “Carson Feeds Letterman Lines”. New York Post. January 20, 2005. Retrieved 2006-12-17.
  6. ^ Carter, Bill (June 7, 1991). “NBC Appoints Jay Leno To Replace Johnny Carson”. New York Times. Retrieved 2009-10-15.
  7. ^ Carter, Bill (January 15, 1993). “Going Head to Head Late at Night: Letterman on CBS, Leno on NBC”. New York Times. Retrieved 2009-10-15.
  8. ^ “I’m With Coco”: Inside the Conan O’Brien support movement, a 13 January 2010 PopWatch article from Entertainment Weekly
  9. ^ “NBC May Be Considering Reinstating Leno on ‘Tonight Show'”. Media Decoder (The New York Times). January 7, 2009. Retrieved 2010-01-08.
  10. ^ LA Times article: “Future For NBC’s Tonight Show Up In The Air“.
  11. ^ Access Hollywood article: “Jay Leno Heading Back To Late Night, Conan O’Brien Weighing Options“.
  12. ^ NBC ON THE HOT SEAT: Will It Be Jay AND Conan In Late Night? What’s The Reason For Leno’s Anti-NBC Monologue Tonight?. Retrieved 2010-01-09.
  13. ^ NBC confirms move of “Leno Show”
  14. ^ New York Times article: “Update: NBC Plans Leno at 11:30, Conan at 12“.
  15. ^ TMZ article: “NBC to Conan O’Brien-The Choice Is Yours“.
  16. ^ Conan Won’t Do “The Tonight Show” Following Leno,, January 12, 2010
  17. ^ “NBC Announces That Jay Leno Will Return To Host “The Tonight Show” Beginning March 1-Ratings”. TVbytheNumbers. 2010-01-21. Retrieved 2011-12-22.
  18. ^ NBC Universal Confirms Conan O’Brien Exit Deal Signed from Bloomberg via Business Week
  19. ^ Conan O’Brien, NBC reach deal from CBC News
  20. ^ “Kevin Eubanks To Leave ‘Tonight Show’ In May”. Access Hollywood. Retrieved 2012-06-28.
  21. ^ Permalink (2010-04-13). “Rickey Minor (‘American Idol’) Named the New Music Director of ‘The Tonight Show With Jay Leno'”. Retrieved 2011-12-22.
  22. ^ Levine, Stuart (2010-07-01). “‘Kimmel,’ ‘Nightline’ show demo increase”. Variety.
  23. ^ Pike, Julie (September 7, 2010). “Tonight Show Ratings Plummet-Jay Leno Sinks Beneath Conan O’Brien Numbers”. The National Ledger (The National Ledger, LLC). Retrieved 2010-10-04.
  24. ^ Piccalo, Gina (October 24, 2010). “Comedians Laugh as Leno Sinks”. The Daily Beast. Retrieved 2010-10-26.
  25. ^ Poniewozik, James (November 5, 2010). “Letterman Defeats Leno! Stewart Defeats Both!”. Time magazine. Retrieved 2010-11-08.
  26. ^ “Letterman Beats Leno in All Measures”. The Hollywood Reporter ( November 4, 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-08.
  27. ^ JAY LENO AND JIMMY FALLON FINISH #1 VS. ABC AND CBS COMPETITION IN THE MAY 2011 SWEEP NBCUniversal. June 3, 2011. Retrieved June 4, 2011.
  28. ^ “‘The Tonight Show’ experiences dark days The NBC program starring Jay Leno suffers a ratings slide and layoffs amid instability in the TV business — and after network missteps. And the stakes are rising.” by Scott Collins, Los Angeles Times August 27, 2012 [1]
  29. ^ Heldenfels, R.D. (March 16, 2008). “Who’s that lady?”. Tulsa World.
  30. 978-0-06-084099-0.
  31. 978-1-57958-411-5.
  32. ^ “Paar Set On Tape”. The Washington Post: G3. January 11, 1959.
  33. ^ “Visitors to the TV Studios”. New York Times: X14. February 22, 1959.
  34. ^ “Hollywood Tie-Line”. The Washington Post: H5. September 18, 1960.
  35. ^ “It’s Official: Leno Exiting Prime-time-Ratings”. TVbytheNumbers. 2010-01-10. Retrieved 2011-12-22.
  36. ^ “Candid Camera Timeline”. Retrieved 2009-10-15.
  37. ^ Media News (October 6, 2006). “Zee Café brings you the current season of ‘The Tonight Show with Jay Leno'”. Zee Cafe. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2009-10-15.
  38. dead link]

[edit] External links

Source: Wikipedia

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